Laws

COMMONWEALTH OF NATIONS

Limited information only available for these topics

Access to Children
Adoption of Children
Age of Consent
Anti-Vilification
Artifical Insemination
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Censorship, Free Speech
  Civil Unions
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Gender Identity
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  HIV/Aids
Homosexuality
Immigration
Inheritance
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Marriage
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Wrongful Death

The Commonwealth of Nations is not a sovereign nation. It is is an intergovernmental organisation of 54 independent member states. All members except Mozambique and Rwanda were part of the British Empire, out of which the Commonwealth developed.

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Censorship, Freedom of Expression, Free Speech, Right of Assembly Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Commonwealth

The Charter of the Commonwealth provides -

Article V, Freedom of Expression

"We are committed to peaceful, open dialogue and the free flow of information, including through a free and responsible media, and to enhancing democratic traditions and strengthening democratic processes" [D1.2].

D1.2 Commonwealth of Nations: Charter of the Commonwealth PDF 192.60kb, 14 DEC 12
Discrimination Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Commonwealth

The Charter of the Commonwealth provides -

Article II. Human Rights

" … We are implacably opposed to all forms of discrimination, whether rooted in gender, race, colour, creed, political belief or other grounds" [D1.2].


On 11 November 2013. The Kaleidoscope Trust released a report which shows that in the 41 of the 53 member states where homosexuality remains illegal, the Commonwealth is letting down hundreds of thousands of its citizens whose lives are blighted by homophobia, criminalisation and discrimination [D1.4], [R1.3].

On 14 December 2012, all Commonwealth heads of government agreed to the Charter of The Commonwealth setting out the "core values of the organisation and the aspiration of its members" [D1.2], [R1.1].

The words "other grounds" are said to refer to sexuality however any specific references to gay people are not included to avoid antagonising Commonwealth countries that retain laws against homosexuals [R1.1].

D1.4 Report: Speaking Out PDF 4.87MB, 08 NOV 13
R1.3 GayNZ: Commonwealth 'ignoring' glbti rights abuses 11 NOV 13
D1.2 Commonwealth of Nations: Charter of the Commonwealth PDF 192.60kb, 14 DEC 12
R1.1 The Telegraph: Queen to sign new charter backing gay rights 09 MAR 13
Gender Identity, Intersex,
Transgender, Transexual

[?]
Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Commonwealth

The Charter of the Commonwealth provides -

Article XII, Gender Equality

"We recognise that gender equality and women’s empowerment are essential components of human development and basic human rights. The advancement of women’s rights and the education of girls are critical preconditions for effective and sustainable development." [D1.2].

D1.2 Commonwealth of Nations: Charter of the Commonwealth PDF 192.60kb, 14 DEC 12
Homosexuality Legislation/Cases/Documents/References
1.

Commonwealth

On 11 November 2013. The Kaleidoscope Trust released a report which shows that in the 41 of the 53 member states where homosexuality remains illegal, the Commonwealth is letting down hundreds of thousands of its citizens whose lives are blighted by homophobia, criminalisation and discrimination [D1.1], [R1.1].

D1.2 Report: Speaking Out PDF 4.87MB, 08 NOV 13
R1.1 GayNZ: Commonwealth 'ignoring' glbti rights abuses 11 NOV 13

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