Laws

ICELAND

Limited information only available for these topics

Access to Children
Adoption of Children
Age of Consent
Anti-Vilification
Artifical Insemination
Assisted Reproduction
Asylum / Refugees
  Civil Unions
Custody of Children
Discrimination
Fostering Children
Gender Identity
Harassment
Hate Crimes
  HIV/Aids
Homosexuality
Immigration
Inheritance
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Marriage
Military
  Partners
Parenting
Property
Sodomy
Transgender, Transsexual
Violence
Wrongful Death

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Age of Consent Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

When a person is fourteen (14) years old she/he can consent to sexual intercourse [R1.1].

R1.1 Interpol: Sexual offences against children Spring 2006
Assisted Reproduction Technology
Artificial Insemination, In Vitro Fertilisation, Surrogacy
Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

On 01 June 2010, a law was passed permitting single women, gay couples and heterosexual couples who both suffer from fertility issues to use both donor eggs and donor sperm in IVF treatment [R1.1].

Previously:

As at April 1996, the law in Iceland did not permit lesbians to access assisted reproduction technology [R1.2].

R1.1 Ice News: Iceland shakes up IVF fertility treatment law 02 JUN 10
R1.2 Melbourne Star Observer: Iceland Moves 12 APR 96
Asylum, Immigration, Refugees Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

In 2005, Iceland reportedly recognized same-sex couples for immigration purposes [R1.1].

R1.1 Immigration Equality: Uniting American Families Act Introduced into the U.S. Congress 22 JUN 05
Children: Access, Custody, Visitation Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

As from June 1996, gay and lesbian partners in Iceland are allowed joint custody of each other's biological children [R1.1].

R1.1 New Zealand Express: Joint Custody Allowed 04 JUL 96

GayLawNet®™ "Exclusive" Sponsorship of this page IS available
Civil Unions, Partners: Registered, Domestic Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [INHERITANCE] [MARRIAGE] [PROPERTY]
1.

National

In 1996, the Althing, Iceland's legislative assembly, made law a bill which officially recognises gay partnerships [R1.1].

The registered partnership law came into effect June 27th 1996 [R1.2]. In June 2010, the law was repealed with the introduction of the same-sex marriage law.

R1.1 Brother Sister: Iceland Recognises Gay Marriages 13 JUN 96
Melbourne Star Observer: Iceland Moves 12 APR 96
R1.2 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia PDF 382.87kb, 14 MAY 08
ILGA: Annual Report - Part 1 1996
Discrimination Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [HARASSMENT]
1.

National

In February 2007, Iceland reportedly had banned mistreatment based on sexual orientation [R1.1].

One new law criminalises any action that humiliates, degrades, slanders or defames an individual or group based on sexual orientation.

A second law makes it a crime to deny a service or commercial transaction based on sexual orientation.

R1.1 Brother Sister: Gay Hate A Crime 20 FEB 97
Melbourne Star Observer: Iceland Bans Anti-Gay Bias 07 FEB 97
Homosexuality, Sodomy Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

Consensual sex between same-sex couples was decriminalised in 1940 [R1.1].

R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia PDF 382.87kb, 14 MAY 08
Marriage Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

On 11 June 2010, the Althingi parliament voted 49–0 to legalize same-sex marriage in Iceland [R1.4]. The Bill went to President Olafur Grimsson for signature and took effect on 27 June 2010 [R1.3].

Previously:

In May 2010, the parliament was expected to legalise same-sex marriage within a matter of weeks [R1.2].

On 23 March 2010, prime minister Johanna Sigurdardóttir presented a revision to current marriage law to the parliament to legalize same-sex marriage [R1.1].

R1.4 365Gay.com: Iceland legalizes same-sex marriage 11 JUN 10
R1.3 IceNews: New gay marriage law in Iceland comes into force 28 JUN 10
R1.2 PinkPaper: Iceland expected to legalise same-sex marriage imminently 10 MAY 10
R1.1 CarnalNation.com: Iceland Likely to Permit Gay Marriage by June 08 APR 10
Parenting: Adoption, Fostering Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

As from June 2000, registered gay spouses were permitted to adopt each other's biological children [R1.1].

R1.1 Melbourne Star Observer: Iceland Expands Gay Rights 30 JUN 00

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