Laws

NORWAY

[Svalbard and Jan Mayen]

Limited information only available for these topics

Access to Children
Adoption of Children
Age of Consent
Anti-Vilification
Artifical Insemination
Assisted Reproduction
Asylum / Refugees
Civil Unions
Custody of Children
Discrimination
Fostering Children
Gender Identity
Harassment
Hate Crimes
HIV/Aids
Homosexuality
Immigration
Inheritance
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Marriage
Military
Parenting
Partners
Property
Sodomy
Transgender, Transsexual
Violence
Wrongful Death

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Age of ConsentLegislation/Cases/References
1.

National

In 1972, consensual sex between same-sex couples became lawful at age sixteen (16) years [R1.1].

R1.1 [Citation required]
Assisted Reproduction Technology
Artificial Insemination, In Vitro Fertilisation
Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

In 2008, new legislation increased parental rights, making it easier for lesbians to undergo the same in vitro fertilisation treatment available to heterosexual couples [R1]

A lesbian who is married to another women who becomes pregnant through IVF will have all the rights of parenthood "from the moment of conception." [R1]

R1 PinkNews.co.uk: Norway's Gay Marriage Law Also Grants New Parental Rights 12 JUN 08
Asylum, Immigration, Refugees Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Asylum

On 24 January 2010, Asghar Hedayat , a 40-year-old Iranian, faced imminent deportation, his asylum application on the grounds of his sexuality and subsequent appeals having failed [R1.1].

In June 2000, a 25-year-old Moroccan man's application for asylum on the ground that homosexuality is punished in Morocco had his application rejected by foreign service officials and the court found it unlikely that the man risked imprisonment were he sent back to Morocco [R1.2].

2.

Immigration

Norway recognizes same-sex couples for immigration purposes [R2.1].

R1.1 Ukgaynews.org.uk: "Now I Have Lost Hope" – Gay Iranian Who Faces Deportation from Norway in Hours 24 JAN 09
R1.2 Aftenposten: Gay Moroccan Must Leave Norway 15 JUN 00
R2.1 Immigration Equality: Uniting American Families Act Introduced into the U.S. Congress 22 JUN 05

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Civil Unions, Partners: Domestic, Registered Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [MARRIAGE]
1.

National

On 11 June 2008, the Parliament approved legislation to amend the definition of civil marriage to make it gender neutral, replacing a 1993 law that gave same-sex couples the right to enter into civil unions, with effect from 01 January 2009 [R1.3].

Previously:

On 30 April 1993, same-sex registered partnerships legislation was passed, coming into effect on 1 August 1993 [R1.2].

On 16 August 1999, it was reported that Sweden, Denmark and Norway had signed an international treaty to recognize each other's domestic partnerships [R1.1].

R1.3 PinkNews.co.uk: Norway's Gay Marriage Law Also Grants New Parental Rights 12 JUN 08
R1.2 Government.no: Registered partnership 12 DEC 01
R1.1 Inter Press Service: Gay Staffers Seek Equal Treatment 16 AUG 99
Discrimination Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

In 1998, discrimination in employment based on sexual orientation became unlawful [R1.1].

R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia PDF 382.87kb, 14 MAY 08
Gender Identity, Intersex,
Transgender, Transexual

[?]
Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [ ]
1.

National

On 01 July 2016, the new law enabling trans people to legally change their gender with just one form came into effect [ R1.2].

On 06 June 2016, politicians voted 79-13 to allow people to determine their own gender. Under the new healthcare law, trans people aged 16 and older can have their gender recognized without any compulsory requirements. Children aged 6-15 can apply with parental permission. Norway is the fourth European country to do this after Denmark, Malta and Ireland [R1.1].

R1.2 PinkNews: Trans people in Norway can now legally change their gender with just one form 02 JUL 16
R1.1 GayStarNews: Norway becomes fourth country in the world to allow trans people to determine their own gender 06 JUN 16
Homosexuality, Sodomy Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [AGE OF CONSENT]
1.

National

In 1972, consensual sex between same-sex couples was decriminalised [R1.1].

R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia PDF 382.87kb, 14 MAY 08
Marriage Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

On 31 January 2017, the Lutheran Church was reported to have voted in favour of new ceremonial language to come into effect 01 February 2017 that will allow its pastors to conduct same-sex marriages, bringing it into line with several other mainstream Protestant denominations abroad [R1.5].

In June 2008, the law in Norway amended the definition of civil marriage to make it gender neutral, replacing a 1993 law that gave same-sex couples the right to enter into civil unions. Couples with a pre-registered civil partnership will be able to convert it into marriage [R1.2].

In January 2009, the amended law came into effect [R1.3].

Previously:

Gay men and lesbians could not "marry" however they were able to enter in registered partnership giving them many of the rights associated with marriage.


On 11 April 2016, at the annual conference of the Lutheran Church delegates voted 88-27 in favor of allowing same-sex marriage. Under the new rules, priests who do not want to marry a same-sex couple will still have the right to object [R1.4].

In October 2008, the bishops of the Church of Norway ruled that there will be no weddings in church for gay and lesbian couples. Civil marriage in church was also rejected by the bishops [R1.3].

On 12 June 2008, it was reported that new legislation on same-sex marriage approved by the Norwegian parliament yesterday also extends parenting rights for gay and lesbian couples. The new law will amend the definition of civil marriage in Norway to make it gender neutral.[R1.2].

On 17 March 2008, the Norwegian government was reported to have introduced legislation allowing same-sex couples to marry and have joint custody over children. The new law replaces the 1993 civil union law. In 2004, a similar law, which proposed to abolish the system of civil partnerships and replace it with one single gender neutral marriage law for all citizens, was rejected by the Norwegian parliament [R1.1].

R1.5 DailyMail: Norway's Lutheran Church embraces same-sex marriage 31 JAN 17
R1.4 ReutersUS: Norway's Lutheran church votes in favor of same-sex marriage 11 APR 16
R1.3 PinkNews.co.uk: Bishops Decide Against Church Weddings for Norwegian Gays 09 OCT 08
R1.2 PinkNews.co.uk: Norway's Gay Marriage Law Also Grants New Parental Rights 12 JUN 08
R1.1 PinkNews: Norway moves to legalise gay marriage 17 MAR 08
Military Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

There are no restrictions on homosexuals serving in the Norwegian military [R1.1].

R1.1 Associated Press: World's Militaries and Gay Stance 12 JAN 00
Parenting, Adoption, Fostering Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

From 1 January 2002, Norway relaxed a ban on adoption by lesbian and gay couples. Women and men can now adopt their partner's children from previous relationships [R1].

In 2008, under new legislation both partners, gay or lesbian, would have complete joint parenting rights [R2].

R1 Reuters: Sweden Proposes Adoption Rights for Gay Couples 05 FEB 02
R2 PinkNews.co.uk: Norway's Gay Marriage Law Also Grants New Parental Rights 12 JUN 08

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