Laws

PANAMA

Limited information only available for these topics

Access to Children
Adoption of Children
Age of Consent
Anti-Vilification
Artifical Insemination
Assisted Reproduction
Asylum / Refugees
  Civil Unions
Custody of Children
Discrimination
Fostering Children
Gender Identity
Harassment
Hate Crimes
  HIV/Aids
Homosexuality
Immigration
Inheritance
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Marriage
Military
  Parenting
Partners
Property
Sodomy
Transgender, Transsexual
Violence
Wrongful Death

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Age of Consent Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

Consensual sex between same-sex couple is lawful at age 18 years [R1.1].

R1.1 Interpol: Sexual offences against children Spring 06
Discrimination Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

As at December 2009, Article 19 of the Panama Constitution prohibits privilege or discrimination based on race, birth, disability, social class, sex, religion or political ideas, but does not include sexual orientation or gender identity [R1.1].

R1.1 IGLHRC: Shadow Report to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women 23 DEC 09

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Gender Identity, Intersex,
Transgender, Transexual

[?]
Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [DISCRIMINATION]
1.

National

In 1975, legislation was passed which reportedly recognised the gender reassignment of transsexuals in Panama [R1.1].

R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia PDF 700.06kb, MAY 09
Homosexuality, Sodomy Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [AGE OF CONSENT]
1.

National

In August 2008, President Martin Torrijos Espino decriminalised gay sex in Panama [R1.2.

(Presidential Decree No. 332, Official Gazette of 31 July 2008, repealing article 12 of Decree 149 of 1949 [R1.1]).

Previously:

In 1949 the law made gay sex an offence incurring a $500 (£266) fine or a prison sentence [R1.2].

R1.2 PinkNews.co.uk: Gay Sex Becomes Legal in Panama 14 AUG 08
R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia PDF 700.06kb, MAY 09

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