On 10 February 2015, the House of Representatives committee on women and gender equality voted 10-2 in favor of the Anti-Discrimination Bill authored by Dinagat Islands Rep Kaka Bag-ao that would make discrimination against employees, refusal to admit a person in an institution, denial of access to health services and harassment by law enforcers on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity unlawful were it to become law [R1.7].
On 22 November 2011, Business World reported that the Senate approved a Senate Bill 2814, titled Anti-Ethnic or Racial Profiling and Discrimination Act of 2011, which defines unlawful discrimination as "the distinction, exclusion, restriction
or preference made on the basis of ethnicity, race, religion or belief, sex, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, language, disability or other status which has an effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying" a person's recognition. The measure will extend to employment, educational institutions, and provision of goods and services [R1.6].
On 10 December 2002, after an extensive revision process, the Committee on Civil, Political, and Human Rights of the House of Representatives of the Philippines approved House Bill (HB) 2784 [R1.5].
On 05 December 2001, the Committee on Civil, Political, and Human Rights of the House of Representatives of the Philippines approved a comprehensive anti-discrimination bill re-introduced by Rep. Loretta Rosales into the new House of Representatives as House Bill (HB) 2784, subject to potential refiling in the Senate [R1.4].
HB2784, if passed, would provide the first mechanism to safeguard against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in the Philippines. It seeks to address discriminatory practices in the following realms:
- use of sexual orientation in the criteria for hiring, promotion, and dismissal of workers and termination of compensation and benefits;
- refusal of admission to educational institutions;
- denial of access to or the use of establishments, facilities, utilities, or services open to the public;
- denial of access to medical and other health services;
- denial of access to public services;
- denial of application for professional licenses issued by the government;
- denial of application of a license, clearance, certification, or any other document issued by government authorities.
In February 2000, an anti-discrimination bill pending in the Philippine Congress would make it a crime to discriminate against homosexuals [R1.3].
On 17 December 2009, the Philippines Commission on Elections upheld its earlier decision to block the LGBT group Ang Ladlad from registering as a political party and fielding a candidate for Congress in the May national election [R1.2].
On 08 April 2010 the decision was overturned – see Courts & Tribunals (below) [R2.1].
In May 1997, Senator Blas Ople reportedly revealed that the Philippines have a law prohibiting gays from registering as a party, organisation or coalition in the party-list system used in elections [R1.1].
On 21 July 2014, the 16th Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Agusan Del Norte (Provincial Board of Agusan Del Norte) enacted into its local law the Provincial Ordinance No. 358-2014, the Agusan del Norte Anti-Discrimination Ordinance, making it unlawful to deny a person access to public programs and services and work promotion on the basis of gender expression, gender identity and sexual orientatio [R2.1].
Cities & Towns
On 03 March 2017, it was reported that Baguio City Council passed legislation to punish discrimination based on religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation and gender identity, disability and age, with penalties ranging from P1,000 to P5,000 or imprisonment of one to 30 days. The ordinance describes discrimination as ''a distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference made on the basis of disability, age, health status, sexual orientation, gender identity, ethnicity and religion which has the purpose or effect of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing of the human rights and fundamental freedoms in the civil, political, economic, social, cultural, or any other field of public life of a person'' [R3.7].
On 27 January 2015, the historic Vigan City was reported to have passed an anti-discrimination ordinance (ADO) covering sexual orientation and gender identity bans discrimination in employment, education, access to goods and services, accommodation, access to public places/facilities/meeting places, and access to commercial establishments, as well as in political participation, wrongful portrayal and inciting others to commit acts of discrimination. Anyone convicted for the first time under under the ADO will be punished with 'admonition and a fine of P1,000 ($22.70, 20.05). Second offenders are liable to imprisonment for no more than 10 days and a fine of P2,000 ($45.40, 40.10). A third conviction will be penalized with 15 days in jail and a fine of P5,000 ($113.50, 100.35) [R3.6].
On 29 September 2014, Quezon City Council approved an ordinance banning discrimination against LGBTI people in employment, education, delivery of goods or services, insurance and access to accommodation [R3.5].
On 05 February 2014, the Davao City Anti-discrimination Ordinance was transmitted to City Hall for approval by the mayor. The measure lapsed into law after the expiration of 10 days [L3.4], [R3.3].
On 19 February 2013, Angeles passed the Anti Discrimination Ordinance (Prohibiting Any Acts of Discrimination within the City of Angeles on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity) [R3.2].
On 17 October 2012, the Cebu City Council passed a landmark ordinance prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, disability, age, health status, ethnicity and religion in the provision of public programs and services and educational institutions or to deny medical and other health services, transportation and other facilities based on those biases [R3.1].
First-time offenders will be fined P1,000 or imprisoned for one day to 30 days. Second-time offenders will face a fine of P3,000 or suffer imprisonment of one day to 30 days or both at the discretion of the court. For successive offenses, violators will be fined P5,000 or be imprisoned for one day to 30 days or face both at the discretion of the court [R3.1].
Courts & Tribunals
On 08 April 2010, the Philippine Supreme Court voting 13–2 overturned a decision by the Elections Commission barring the gay rights group Ang Ladlad (Out of the Closet) from contesting national elections in May and recognized it as a legitimate political party for the first time [R4.1].