Laws

NORTHERN IRELAND

[Republic of Ireland]

See also: [Guernsey] [Jersey] [Isle of Man] [Scotland] [United Kingdom]

Limited information only available for these topics

Access to Children
Adoption of Children
Age of Consent
Anti-Vilification
Artifical Insemination
Assisted Reproduction
Asylum / Refugees
Annuities, Benefits
Civil Unions
  Custody of Children
Discrimination
Fostering Children
Gender Identity
Harassment
Hate Crimes
Health, Medical
HIV, Aids
  Homosexuality
Human Rights
Immigration
Inheritance
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Marriage
Military
Partners
  Parenting
Privacy
Property
Sodomy
Surrogacy
Taxation
Transgender, Transsexual
Violence
Wrongful Death

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Age of Consent Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Northern Ireland

In 2008, Northern Ireland was brought into line with the rest of the UK after MPs approved legislation in June to reduce the age of consent in the province from 17 to 16. The Sexual Offences (Northern Ireland Consequential Amendments) Order was expected to be on the statute books within a month [R1.1].

R1.1 PinkNews.co.uk: Change to Age of Consent Given Parliamentary Approval 05 JUN 08
Annuities, Death Benefits, Employee Benefits, Pensions, Retirement, Social Security, Superannuation Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 09 February 2016, Mr Justice Treacy in the Northern Ireland High Court of Justice ruled that mother-of-four Siobhan McLaughlin, who was never married, was entitled to the widowed parent's allowance saying, denying a benefit aimed at easing financial pressure on bereaved families was discrimination. However, the Court rejected her claim for the bereavement benefit as being inapplicable to mere cohabitees. The ruling could have UK-wide legal implications [C1.2], [R1.1].

C1.2 Judgment: McLaughlin's (Siobhan) Application 2016 NIQB 11 HTML 09 FEB 16
R1.1 BBCnews: Widow payments: Citizens Advice say ruling is 'groundbreaking' 10 FEB 16
Asylum, Immigration, Refugees Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Asylum, Refugees

UK law applies in Northern Ireland [R1.1].

R1.1  
Civil Rights, Gay Rights, Human Rights Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 22 March 2011, Mr Justice Treacy overturned a ban by the Advertising Standards Authority on a church advert which railed against gay sex ruling the ban contrary to Article 10 (of the European Convention on Human Rights) which protects expressive rights which offend, shock or disturb [R1.1].

R1.1 PinkNews.co.uk: Judge overturns ban on homophobic church ad 22 MAR 11
Civil Unions, Partners: Domestic, Registered Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [MARRIAGE]
1.

Northern Ireland

Civil partnerships have been legal in Northern Ireland since 2005 [R1.1].

R1.1 PinkNews.co.uk: Civil Partnerships Bill Listed in Irish Parliament's Spring Session 27 JAN 09
Discrimination Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [GENDER IDENTITY]
1.

Northern Ireland

On 24 October 2016, human rights activist Peter Tachell reasoned that the Ashers Baking Company decision (below) is a defeat for freedom of expression, saying ''As well as meaning that Ashers can be legally forced to aid the promotion of same-sex marriage, it also implies that gay bakers could be forced by law to decorate cakes with homophobic slogans'' [R1.4].

In December 2008, the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission handed the British government its advice on the potential for a Bill of Rights for the province, setting out a legal standard for how governments and other agencies should end violence, abuse and discrimination against sexual minorities [R1.3].

In September 2008, advice and guidance on what the Sexual Orientation Regulations mean for service providers, public authorities, religious organisations, providers of education was been released [R1.2].

From November 2000, providers of goods and services in Ireland could no longer discriminate based on sexual orientation under a law that took effect that month [R1.1].

The Equal Status Act bans unfair treatment based on gender, age, marital and family status, religion, race, sexual orientation, disability or membership of the Traveller community (a reference to Gypsies) [R1.1].

2.

Courts & Tribunals

On 10 May 2017, it was reported that in October the UK Supreme Court would hear the appeal of Ashers Baking Company against the ruling finding that it had directly discriminated against Gareth Lee on grounds of sexual orientation by refusing to make a cake supporting same sex marriage [R2.12].

On 23 December 2016, a statement released by The Christian Institute, which is backing the Ashers Baking Company in their gay cake legal battle, said that appeal papers would be lodged directly with the Supreme Court next month [R2.11].

On 22 December 2016, Lord Chief Justice Sir Declan Morgan held that Attorney General John Larkin QC's legal bid to refer the Gareth Lee v. Colin McArthur, Karen McArthur and Ashers Baking Company Limited case to the Supreme Court came too late. Lawyers for the bakery were formally refused leave to appeal to the Supreme Court, though the McArthur family can now petition directly for a hearing in London [R2.10].

On 16 November 2016, it was reported that Northern Ireland Attorney General John Larkin QC had asked the Court of Appeal to refer aspects of its finding on the Ashers Baking Company same-sex discrimination case to the Supreme Court [R2.9].

On 10 November 2016, it was reported that lawyers for Ashers Baking Company had respectfully invited ''the Court of Appeal to consider giving a short ruling on the question of whether appeal to the United Kingdom Supreme Court is available in this case''. If denied, the McArthur family may consider taking their case to the European Court of Human Rights [R2.8].

On 18 October 2016, Employment Judge Murray in The Industrial Tribunal in Belfast awarded John Ferguson £16,600 compensation for injury to his feelings as a result of his having suffered bullying and discrimination in the form of harassment on grounds of sexual orientation for multiple homophobic comments and gestures directed to Ferguson by Mr Stuewe, a director of both respondent companies [C2.7], [R2.6].

On 24 October 2016, the Court of Appeal upheld the 19 May 2015 County Court ruling that Ashers Baking Company had directly discriminated against Gareth Lee on grounds of sexual orientation by refusing to make a cake supporting same sex marriage. It further found that the relevant legislation is not incompatible with Articles 9, 10 or 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights [C2.5], [R2.4].

On 03 February 2016, the hearing of the Ashers Baking Co Ltd appeal was reported to have been adjourned until May, on the last-minute application of Attorney General John Larkin QC seeking to make submissions on any potential conflict between the region's equality legislation and European human rights laws [R2.3].

On 19 May 2015, Presiding District Judge Brownlie in the County Court in Northern Ireland ruled that Ashers Baking Co Ltd and its proprietors discriminated against Garith Lee contrary to the Equality Act (Sexual Orientation) Regulations (Northern Ireland) by refusing to deliver a cake ordered and paid for, objecting to the required 'Bert and Ernie' 'Support Gay Marriage' graphic [C2.2], [R2.1]. Agreed damages of £500 were ordered to be paid [R2.3].

R1.4 Peter Tatchell: Ashers 'gay cake' verdict is defeat for freedom of expression 24 OCT 16
R1.3 PinkNews.co.uk: Northern Ireland Moves Closer to a Bill of Rights 11 DEC 08
R1.2 PinkNews.co.uk: Sexual Orientation Guidance for Northern Ireland Service Providers Issued 09 OCT 08
Equality Commission: Eliminating Sexual Orientation Discrimination in Northern Ireland SEP 08
R1.1 Capital Q: Irish Ban Discrimination 10 NOV 00
2. Courts & Tribunals
R2.12 RTEnews: UK Supreme Court to consider gay marriage cake judgment 10 MAY 17
R2.11 BelfastTelegraph: Ashers to take cake case to Supreme Court after law chief is turned down 23 DEC 16
R2.10 'Gay cake' case: Supreme Court bid rejected 22 DEC 16
R2.9 BBCnews: Ashers: AG asks for cake case to go to Supreme Court 16 NOV 16
R2.8 itvNEWS: Ashers bakery seeks Supreme Court bid over 'gay cake' 10 NOV 16
C2.7 Industrial Tribunals: Online Decision Search (search for "Case ID 02238/15IT")
R2.6 BelfastTelegraph: Gay man wins £16k damages after enduring years of slurs from colleague 02 NOV 16
C2.5 Judgment: Gareth Lee v. Colin McArthur, Karen McArthur and Ashers Baking Company Limited PDF MOR10086 995.99kb 24 OCT 16
R2.4 TheGuardian: 'Gay cake' row: born-again Christian bakers lose court appeal 24 OCT 16
R2.3 TheTelegraph: Gay marriage cake appeal by Christian bakery is halted 03 FEB 16
C2.2 Judgment: Garith Lee v. Ashers Baking Co Ltd and Colin McArthur and Karen McArthur 2015 NICty 2 PDF 514.63kb 19 MAY 15
R2.1 ReutersUK: Belfast bakery discriminated by refusing gay cake order, court rules 19 MAY 15

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Gender Identity, Intersex,
Transgender, Transexual

[?]
Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [CIVIL UNIONS]
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 21 November 2016, Mr Justice Treacy in the Belfast High Court of Justice reportedly granted a declaration that a man's marriage certificate in stating a previous civil partnership was either dissolved or annulled thereby disclosed his previous gender history and amounted to a breach of the man's right to privacy under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights and that a solution would be to record his status in the marriage certificate as single [R1.2].

In October 1999, in an out of court settlement a man who changed gender to become a woman settled a case for sexual harassment against her employer. The award was the first of its type in Northern Ireland and coincides with the introduction of new gender re-assignment regulations which are part of sex discrimination legislation [R1.1].

R1.2 BelfastTelegraph: 22 NOV 16
R1.1 BBC OnLine: Transsexual Settles Harassment Case 17 OCT 99
Hate Crimes Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Northern Island

In October 2003, speaking at the Labour conference in Bournemouth, Northern Ireland Secretary Paul Murphy revealed that by ministerial order, judges in the province will now be able to bestow stiffer sentences on offenders who were motivated by prejudice based on any racial, religious or sexual orientation basis [R1.1].

R1.1 Gay.com UK: Northern Ireland to Get New Gay-protecting Laws 03 OCT 03
Health, Medical Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Northern Ireland

On 02 June 2016, Health Minister Michelle O'Neill said that she would lift the lifetime ban on gay men donating blood in favor of a ''one-year deferral system'', as is the case with the rest of the UK. The new policy will come into effect on 01 September [R1.1].

2.

Courts & Tribunals

On 05 December 2016, permission for JR65 to appeal against the decision of the Court of Appeal (below at [C2.10]) was refused by the Supreme Court in a case relating to the lawfulness of the lifetime ban on males who have had sexual contact with other males donating blood in Northern Ireland and the Court of Appeal judgment will therefore stand [C2.11].

On 16 March 2016, the Court of Appeal in Belfast determined In re JR65 that the Northern Ireland Minister of Health is the correct person to make a decision on the appropriate deferral period from giving blood for males who have sex with other males, holding that the Minister's approach in 2011 in maintaining the status quo (permanent ban) pending further consideration and investigation of the issue was not irrational or biased [C2.10],[R2.9].

On 19 November 2015, it was reported that the Court of Appeal had reserved judgment in a legal case by the former Northern Irish Health Minister Edwin Poots to overturn a ruling that his gay blood ban was "infected" by bias [R2.8].

On 08 January 2015, Mr Justice Treacy in the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland ruled that former Stormont health minister Edwin Poots' ban on gay men giving blood in Northern Ireland was infected by apparent bias and was influenced by his Christian beliefs [C2.7], [R2.6].

On 13 November 2013, the Information Rights Tribunal found that Mr Larkin and Mr Poots were entitled to keep the information behind maintaining the gay blood donor ban secret saying “It seems unfair that a public authority engaged in litigation should have a unilateral duty to disclose its legal advice” [C2.5], [R2.4].

On 11 October 2013, Mr Justice Treacy ruled that the ban on gay men giving blood in Northern Ireland is irrational and Health Minister Edwin Poots breached the ministerial code by failing to take the issue before the Stormont Executive [C2.3], [R2.2].

On 29 June 2012, Mr Justice Treacy in the High Court was reported to have ruled that leave to seek a judicial review of the lifetime ban on homosexuals giving blood in Northern Ireland should be granted on points about alleged irrationality and compliance with EU law. The case was listed for a full two-day hearing in December [R2.1].

R1.1 EdgeMediaNetwork: Northern Ireland to Lift Lifetime Ban on Gay Men Donating Blood 02 JUN 16
C2.11 TheSupremeCourt: Permission to Appeal (denied) 05 DEC 16
C2.10 In the Matter of an Application by JR 65 for Judicial Review [2016] NICA 20 HTML 16 MAR 16
R2.9 Courts & Tribunals Service: Court of Appeal delivers judgment on "gay blood ban" 16 MAR 16
R2.8 PinkNews: Judgement reserved in Edwin Poots Northern Ireland blood ban case 19 NOV 15
C2.7 Judgment: In the Matter of an Application by JR65 [2015] NIQB 1, 08 JAN 15
R2.6 IrishTimes: Judge says Edwin Poots was biased in gay men blood ban 08 JAN 14
C2.5 Decision Notice: Department of Health and Social Security and Public Safety v. The Information Commissioner EA/2013/0081 PDF 38.33kb, 13 NOV 13
R2.4 BelfastTelegraph: Legal advice behind Edwin Poots' gay blood donor ban stays a secret 15 NOV 13
C2.3 Judgment: JR65's Application [2013] NIQB 101, 11 OCT 13
R2.2 BelfastTelegraph: Judge rules Edwin Poots' ban on gay blood donors is irrational and he breached ministerial code over issue 12 OCT 13
R2.1 GayStarNews: Gay man wins first battle for NI blood donations 29 JUN 12
HIV, Aids Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [HEALTH, MEDICAL]
   
   
Homosexuality, Sodomy Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Northern Ireland

In 1982, consensual sex between same-sex couples was decriminalised [R1.6].


On 07 December 2016, the House of Lords passed an amendment to the Policing and Crime Bill 2015-16 to 2016-17 that will if passed into law, posthumously pardon men over 17 years of age convicted of consensual sexual offences and allowing those still living to apply for convictions to be overturned [R1.5].

On 28 November 2016, the Assembly passed a consent motion to pardon gay men convicted in Northern Ireland of now abolished sex offences [R1.4], resolving:

That this Assembly endorses the principle of the extension to Northern Ireland of a number of provisions within the Policing and Crime Bill, by amendment at Lords Committee and Lords Report stage, in so far as they related to UK maritime enforcement powers; UK cross-jurisdictional arrest powers; anonymity for victims of forced marriage and pardons for convictions of certain abolished offences (emphasis added) [D1.3].

On 08 November 2016, it was reported that Justice Minister Claire Sugden secured approval of fellow Executive ministers in the DUP/Sinn Féin-led administration to extend to Northern Ireland the provision for pardons in the Government's Policing and Crime Bill for men previously convicted of now abolished same-sex offences. The Assembly is now set to pass a consent motion that will mirror measures being introduced in England and Wales [R1.2].

On 29 June 2016, John Glen's Merchant Shipping (Homosexual Conduct) Bill 2016-17 was introduced. The Bill would repeal sections 146(4) and 147(3) of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994. Section 146(4) makes a homosexual act a ground for discharging a member of Her Majesty's armed forces from the service or dismissing a member of the crew of a United Kingdom merchant ship from his ship. Section 147(3) applies the same to Northern Ireland. The private member's bill is not expected to become law [R1.1].

R1.6 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia PDF 382.87kb, MAY 08
R1.5 TheGuardian: Amnesty for gay men convicted under outdated laws extended to Northern Ireland 10 DEC 16
R1.4 PinkNews: Campaigners celebrate as Northern Ireland will pardon historic gay sex offences 28 NOV 16
D1.3 Official Report (Hansard): Monday 28 November 2016 Volume 117, No 7 at page 59 PDF 820.70kb 28 NOV 16 (Accessed 29 NOV 16)
R1.2 itvNews: Pardons for men convicted of homosexuality backed 08 NOV 16
R1.1 Lloyd'sList: MP seeks end to gay sex sack threat for UK flag seafarers 06 JUL 16
Marriage Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Northern Ireland

On 02 November 2015, the Assembly voted 53-52 in favor of marriage equality however, the motion failed after the DUP used a 'petition of concern' to argue that the law change that would allow same-sex couples to marry in Northern Ireland did not command sufficient cross-community support [R1.5].

On 27 April 2015, the Assembly voted 49-47 for the fourth time against same-sex marriage [R1.4].

On 29 April 2014, in a 51-43 majority vote the Assembly rejected a Sinn Féin motion calling for the legalisation of same-sex marriage [R1.3].

On 25 June 2013, Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) passed a Legislative Consent Motion which excluded recognising most of the provisions of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill. It means same-sex marriages in England and Wales will be treated as civil partnerships in Northern Ireland [R1..2].

On 26 April 2013, the Democratic Unionist Party wielded its veto to effectively block a motion on gay marriage to be debated at Stormont on Monday by lodging a Petition of Concern that requires a weighted majority (60%) of members voting for a motion to pass [R1.1].

2.

Courts & Tribunals

On 17 August 2017, Mr Justice O’Hara in the High Court was reported to have dismissed two cases challenging the ban on same-sex marriage in Northern Ireland insisting the ban did not violate the rights of LGBT couples in the region, adding it was for the Stormont Assembly to decide social policy in Northern Ireland [C2.6], [C2.5], [R2.4].

On 04 December 2015. judgment in the Grainne Close and Shannon Sickles and Chris and Henry Flanagan-Kanem same-sex marriage case challenging the Marriage (Same-Sex Couples) Act 2013, was reserved until after Christmas [R2.3].

On 09 November 2015, two men who married in the UK (Grainne Close and Shannon Sickles and Chris and Henry Flanagan-Kanem) filed a proceeding in the Family Division of the High Court in Belfast, challenging the Marriage (Same-Sex Couples) Act 2013 that mandates that they should only be recognised as civil partners in Northern Ireland [R2.2].

On 03 December 2015, the challenge to Northern Ireland's same-sex marriage ban opened before Mr Justice Treact in the Belfast High Court on helahlf of two couples, Grainne Close and Shannon Sickles and Chris and Henry Flanagan-Kanem [R2.1].

R1.5 TheGuardian: Northern Ireland assembly votes to legalise same-sex marriage 03 NOV 15
R1.4 PinkNews: Northern Ireland Assembly rejects same-sex marriage 27 APR 15
R1.3 TheIrishTimes: Northern Assembly again rejects same-sex marriage proposal 30 APR 14
R1.2 PinkNews: Another defeat for equal marriage in Northern Ireland in the Stormont Assembly 26 JUN 13
R1.1 PinkNews: Same-sex marriage motion vetoed by DUP before debate
2. Courts & Tribunals
C2.6 Judgment: X [2017] NIFam 12 PDF 141.14kb 17 AUG 17
C2.5 Judgment: In the Matter of an Application by Grainne Close, Shannon Sickles, Christopher Flanagan Kane and Henry Flanganet for Judicial Review [2017] NIQB 79 PDF 97.54kb 17 AUG 17
R2.4 TheIndependent: Judge rules it is legal for Northern Ireland not to recognise same-sex marriages 17 AUG 17
R2.3 BBCnews: Same-sex marriage: Belfast judge to deliver ruling after Christmas 04 DEC 15
R2.2 Utv: Landmark challenge to NI gay marriage ban 09 NOV 15
R2.1 Premier: Legal challenge on gay marriage ban in Northern Ireland 03 DEC 15
Parenting, Adoption, Fostering Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Northern Ireland

On 11 December 2013, The Department of Health was reported to have announced that “Following the Court of Appeal judgement in June 2013 [C2.10], [R2.9], unmarried couples, including same sex couples, and those in a civil partnership may apply to adopt. The final decision regarding the granting of an adoption order lies with the court“ [R1.1].

2.

Courts & Tribunals

On 22 October 2013, the UK Supreme Court refused permission to appeal brought by Northern Ireland Health Minister Edwin Poots against the Court of Appeals ruling that a ban on unmarried couples, irrespective of sexual orientation, and those in a civil partnership from being considered as potential adopters was discriminatory [C2.13], [R2.12].

On 07 October 2013, Health Minister Edwin Poots was reported to have lodged an application in the Supreme Court for permission to appeal against the ruling of the Court of Appeal that the ban preventing gay, lesbian and unmarried couples from adopting children was unlawful [R2.11], [C2.10].

On 27 June 2013, Girvan LJ in the Northern Ireland Court of Appeal (delivering the judgment of the Court) dismissed an appeal against the earlier judicial decision of Mr Justice Treacy that ruled a ban on unmarried couples, irrespective of sexual orientation, and those in a civil partnership from being considered as potential adopters was discriminatory and opening the way for same-sex couples to adopt [C2.10], [R2.9].

On 18 October 2012, Mr Justice Treacy in the Northern Ireland High Court, ruled the ban preventing gay and unmarried couples from adopting children in Northern Ireland was unlawful, discriminating against those in civil partnerships and breaching their right to family life [C2.8], [C2.7], [R2.6].

In March 2012, Attorney General for Northen Ireland John Larkin QC reportedly informed the High Court in Belfast that there are no plans to retract the ban on gay and unmarried couples from adopting children [C2.5], [R2.4].

In July 2011, the Human Rights Commission was granted leave to take a judicial review in its own name regarding adoption law in Northern Ireland. The issue concerns an anomaly in Northern Ireland law that prevents unmarried couples, or same-sex couples, from jointly adopting a child [R2A.3]. In December 2011, the case was adjourned to be heard in March 2012 [R2.2].

In June 2008, in the aftermath of a landmark House of Lords court case which paved the way for unmarried couples in Northern Ireland to adopt, legal experts said there should be no reason as to why gay couples cannot take advantage of the ruling [R2.1].

R1.1 PinkNews: Northern Ireland lifts ban on allowing gay couples to adopt 11 DEC 13
C2.13 Supreme Court: In the matter of an application by the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission for Judicial Review (Northern Ireland) 22 OCT 13
R2.12 PinkNews: UK Supreme Court rejects Northern Ireland Health Minister's appeal against gay adoption 22 OCT 13
R2.11 GayStarNews: Northern Ireland minister in last-ditch attempt to stop gay couples adopting 07 OCT 13
C2.10 BaiLii: Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission, Re Judicial Review [2013] NICA 37, 27 JUN 13
R2.9 Northern Ireland Courts & Tribunals Service: Summary of Judgment 27 JUN 13
C2.8 Judgment: The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission's Application [2012] NIQB 77, 18 OCT 12
C2.7 Summary of Judgment: Summary of Judgment PDF 79.71kb, 18 OCT 12
R2.6 PinkNews: Northern Ireland gay adoption ban ruled unlawful 18 OCT 12
C2.5 Quaere: Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission, Applicant and Department of Health, Respondent
R2.4 PinkNews: Northern Ireland Attorney General: Ban on gay adoption will remain 22 MAR 12
R2.3 News Letter: Court bid to allow gay adoption 08 JUL 11
R2.2 PinkPaper: Legal challenge on gay adption in Northern Ireland delayed until 2012 15 DEC 11
R2.1 PinkNews.co.uk: Gay Couples Could Adopt in Northern Ireland After Legal Ruling 26 JUN 08

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Privacy: Confidentiality, Personal Safety, Safety Online Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [GENDER IDENTITY]
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 21 November 2016, Mr Justice Treacy in the Belfast High Court of Justice reportedly granted a declaration that a man's marriage certificate in stating a previous civil partnership was either dissolved or annulled thereby disclosed his previous gender history and amounted to a breach of the man's right to privacy under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights and that a solution would be to record his status in the marriage certificate as single [R1.1].

R1.2 BelfastTelegraph: Sex change man's privacy breached on marriage certificate 22 NOV 16
Violence: Bully, Domestic Violence, Harassment, Intimidation, Vilification Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 18 October 2016, Employment Judge Murray in The Industrial Tribunal in Belfast awarded John Ferguson £16,600 compensation for injury to his feelings as a result of his having suffered bullying and discrimination in the form of harassment on grounds of sexual orientation for multiple homophobic comments and gestures directed to Ferguson by Mr Stuewe, a director of both respondent companies [C1.2], [R1.1].

C1.2 Industrial Tribunals: Online Decision Search (search for "Case ID 02238/15IT")
R1.1 BelfastTelegraph: Gay man wins £16k damages after enduring years of slurs from colleague 02 NOV 16