Laws

United States of America

MINNESOTA

Limited information only available for these topics

Access to Children
Adoption of Children
Age of Consent
Anti-Vilification
Artifical Insemination
Assisted Reproduction
Bullying
  Civil Unions
Custody of Children
Discrimination
Estates, Wills
Fostering Children
Gender Identity
Harassment
  Hate Crimes
Health, Medical
HIV/Aids
Homosexuality
Inheritance, Succession
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Marriage
  Parenting
Partners
Property
Sodomy
Transgender, Transsexual
Violence
Wrongful Death

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Aging, Bioethics, Health, Medical Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 16 March 2015, US District Judge Susan Richard Nelson ruled on a motion to dismiss that Fairview Southdale Hospital and medical staff discriminated against f2m transgender man Jakob Tiarnan Rumble because of his gender identity, which discrimination is prohibited under the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and the Minnesota Human Rights Act. The case will proceed through interlocutory proceedings to trial[C1.2], [R1.1].

C1.2 Memorandum Opinion and Order: Jakob Tiarnan Rumble v. Fairview Health Services No. 14-cv-2037 (SRN/FLN) PDF 214.21kb, 16 MAR 15
R1.1 ThinkProgress: Court Rules That Transgender Patient Tortured By Doctors Is Protected Under Obamacare 21 MAR 15
Children: Access, Custody, Visitation Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 26 April 2011, the Court of Appeals unanimously ruled that a district judge had appropriately ordered a lesbian mother who had relocated with her child to Arizona to pay half the costs of transporting the child between Arizona and Minnesota to effectuate the third-party visitation rights of the mother’s former partner [C1.2], [R1.1].

C1.2 Hay v. King, 2011 WL 1546586, 26 APR 11
R1.1 Lesbian/Gay Law Notes: Minnesota Appeals Court Upholds Travel Expense Award for Third-Party Visitation PDF 433.08kb, MAY 11
Civil Unions, Partners: Domestic, Registered Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [ESTATES] [MARRIAGE] [PROPERTY]
1.

State

Minnesota bans same-sex marriage, civil unions and domestic partner benefits for same-sex couples working for government offices and a Minnesota Supreme Court decision bars cities from providing benefits to same-sex couples [R2.4].


On 04 April 2013, Bill HF 1687 providing for civil union relationships was introduced [L1.11].

On 03 April 2013, Rep. Tim Kelly and other legislators were reportedly to announce bipartisan legislation to establish civil unions in Minnesota [R1.10].


On 27 April 2011, the Government Operations and Elections Commmittee voted down an amendment to a Bill that would have allowed local governments to offer domestic partner benefits to same-sex couples [R1.9].


On 15-16 May 2010, governor Tim Pawlenty vetoed a bill that would have given gay partners "the right to decide what to do with the body of their loved ones, should they die" [R1.8]

Previously:

On 12 May 2010, governor Tim Pawlenty said that he planned to veto legislation that would grant end-of-life rights and decision-making powers to same-sex partners [R1.7].

In May 2010, a bill that would give same-sex couples the right to make end-of-life decisions for each other and file wrongful death suits appeared headed for the desk of Minnesota governor Tim Pawlenty after passing the state senate and house [R1.6].


In February 2003, the legislature reportedly would ratify state worker health benefit contracts but will delete provisions allowing state-paid insurance benefits for the gay or lesbian partners of employees. Gay and lesbian state workers who have taken advantage of the health benefits will lose the benefits until 01 July [R1.5].


In February 2002, gay and lesbian House employees won't have access to health benefits for their domestic partners as senators and their staff members will, a House panel decided [R1.4].


In January 2002, gay and lesbian employees of the Minnesota Senate were permitted to extend health insurance and other benefits to their same-sex partners after the Senate Rules Committee narrowly approved the coverage [R1.3].


In December 2001, new contracts that extend benefits to same-sex partners of state employees went into effect 21 December, after a legislative subcommittee that could have revoked them instead reached a tie vote [R1.2].


In October 2001, new labor contracts between the state of Minnesota and two unions - Council 6 of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) and Minnesota Association of Professional Employees (MAPE) - included provisions that extend health and dental insurance to committed domestic partners of gay and lesbian state workers [R1.1].

2.

Cities & Towns

On 19 September 2011, Shoreview City Council voted 3–2 (Councilmen Terry Quigley and Blake Huffman opposed) to approve a domestic partner registry ordinance [R2.5].

On 08 February 2011, Richfield City Council passed an ordinance by a vote of 3 to 2 and joins Minneapolis, Duluth, St. Paul, Rochester, Maplewood, St. Louis Park, Edina and Golden Valley in offering its residents a domestic partner registry [R2.4].

The registries have little legal force – state law and a Minnesota Supreme Court decision bar cities from providing benefits to same-sex couples – but the registries are important for businesses that offer benefits. Same-sex couples can use their registry certificates to prove their relationship is valid for human resource purposes and the couples have married status in city facilities [R2.4].

In September 2003, Minneapolis recognized domestic partners who registered elsewhere [R2.3]. A primary benefit is that domestic partners, if they are visiting and registered elsewhere, can have the same hospital visiting privileges as those who are registered in Minneapolis.

In 1991, Minneapolis established a domestic partners register [R2.3].


In December 2002, businesses with contracts of more than $100,000 with the City of Minneapolis were required to provide domestic partner benefits to their employees within a year [R2.2].

The ordinance contains many exceptions, including development contracts, faith-based organizations and businesses with 21 or fewer employees [R2.2].


In 1993, the Minneapolis City Council extended benefits to the same-sex partners of city workers, but a Hennepin County judge ruled that state law didn't allow the city to offer such benefits. In 1997 and again in 2000, city officials sought but failed to win legislative permission for the benefits [R2.1].

3.

Courts & Tribunals

A 1995 court case struck down the ability of local governments to offer domestic partner benefits, and instead communities across the state enacted domestic partner registries that currently cover 1 million Minnesota residents. The cities of Minneapolis, Duluth, St. Paul, Rochester, Golden Valley, Maplewood, Edina, St. Louis Park and Richfield have all enacted such registries [R1.9].

L1.11 Minnesota Legislature: H.F. No. 1687 PDF 95.97kb, 04 APR 13
R1.10 MPRnews: Lawmakers to announce civil unions bill 03 APR 13
R1.9 The Minnesota Independent: House committee votes down domestic partner benefits 28 APR 11
R1.8 365Gay.com: Minnesota governor vetoes gay funeral rights bill 17 MAY 10
R1.7 The Advocate: Pawlenty to Veto End-of-Life Bill 13 MAY
R1.6 The Advocate: End-of-Life Bill Headed to Minnesota Governor 12 MAY 10
R1.5 St. Paul Pioneer-Press: Health benefits to be dropped for same-sex partners 07 FEB 03
R1.4 Minneapolis Star Tribune: House Workers Won't Get Same-Sex Domestic Partner Benefits 02 FEB 02
R1.3 St. Paul Pioneer Press: Benefits Approved for Partners of Gay, Lesbian State Senate Employees 29 JAN 02
R1.2 Minneapolis Star Tribune: State Employee Contracts, with Same-sex Benefits, Go for Now 11 DEC 01
R1.1 Minneapolis Star Tribune: State Labor Contracts Include Same-sex Partner Benefits 17 OCT 01
R2.5 Shoreview Press: Same-sex couples can now register in Shoreview 22 SEP 11
R2.4 The Minnesota Independent: One million Minnesotans now covered by domestic partner registries 10 FEB 11
R2.3 Minneapolis Star Tribune: Minneapolis Will Recognize Domestic Partners Who Registered Elsewhere 05 SEP 03
R2.2 Minneapolis Star Tribune: Minneapolis requires contractors to provide partner benefits 14 DEC 02
R2.1 Minneapolis Star Tribune: Minneapolis may require same-sex benefits for contractors 10 DEC 02
Discrimination Legislation/Cases/References
1.

State

In 1993, Minnesota state law prohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in -

  • public and private employment [Subdivision 1]
  • real property transactions [Subdivision 2]
  • public accommodation [Subdivision 3]
  • public services [Subdivision 4]
  • education institutions [Subdivision 5]
  • commercial credit transactions [Subdivision 8] and
  • business [Subdivision 8A] or
  • aiding and abetting such discrimination [Subdivision 6] or
  • taking any reprisal action against a person alleging such discrimination [Subdivision 7] [L1.1].

"Sexual Orientation" means having or being perceived as having an emotional, physical, or sexual attachment to another person without regard to the sex of that person or having or being perceived as having an orientation for such attachment, or having or being perceived as having a self-image or identity not traditionally associated with one's biological maleness or femaleness. "Sexual orientation" does not include a physical or sexual attachment to children by an adult [363.01 Subdivision 41a].

Contributor: Ms. Shannon O'Neil 24 OCT 01

2.

Cities & Towns

On 01 July 2006, the City of Minneapolis amended Title 7 - Civil Rights, Chapter 139 - In General

(b) Declaration of Policy and Purpose

(2) To prevent and prohibit all discriminatory practices based on race, color, creed, religion, ancestry, national origin, sex, including sexual harassment, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, age, marital status, or status with regard to public assistance with respect to employment, labor union membership, housing accommodations, property rights, education, public accommodations or public services.

(3) To prevent and prohibit all discriminatory practices based on familial status with respect access to real estate and services related to real estate [L2.2].

On 29 March 1974, the City of Minneapolis amended the Code of Ordinances relating to Civil Rights making discrimination on the grounds of "affectional or sexual preference" unlawful in the provision of employment, labour union membership, housing accommodations, property rights, education, public accommodations or public services [D2.1].

3.

Courts & Tribunals

On 20 September 2017, Chief US District Judge John Tunheim wrote that a provision of the Minnesota Human Rights Act (MHRA) prohibiting discrimination by businesses was not unconstitutional. The Judge dismissed the motion of Carl and Angel Larsen as a pre-emptive effort to avoid penalties for turning away same-sex wedding videography customers. The proposed website language stating that they will not create wedding videos for same-sex couples was akin to a ''White Applicants Only'' sign [C3.7], [R3.6].

On 29 July 2016, Steele County District Court Judge Joseph A Bueltel issued what may be the largest discrimination judgment to any single plaintiff in Minnesota history. The Court ordered the Defendants to pay Habberstad back pay, future pay and emotional anguish damages totalling more than $3,500,000, along with attorney fees to be determined, and ordered civil penalties to be paid to the State of Minnesota [C3.5], [R3.4].

On 20 January 2016, District Court Judge Ann D Montgomery approved the settlement in the Britney Austin v. Deluxe Financial Services, Inc. case in which Austin alleged harassment and discrimination against her as a consequence of her transitioning whilst employed at its Phoenix, Arizona call center. In addition to damages and injunctive relief, Deluxe was ordered to review its EEO policy and training [C3.3], [R3.2].

In April 2004, the Court of Appeals held that the Hamline United Methodist Church of St. Paul did not discriminate against the church music director after he refused to apologize for calling a church member "homophobic" [R3.1].

In holding that the man wasn't protected under the Minnesota Human Rights Act, the appeals panel said: "We recognize that music generally has a central and substantial role in expressing religious faith; it is often described as a 'ministry of music'" [R3.1].

L1.1 Minnesota Statutes 1996, Chapter 363, sec. 10. M
2. Cities & Towns
L2.2 Code of Ordinances: 139.10. - Findings, declaration of policy and purpose, effective date. (Accessed 01 NOV 15)
D2.1 FusionNet: Here's one of the earliest LGB nondiscrimination laws in the U.S. 28 OCT 15
3. Courts & Tribunals
C3.7 Opinion: Telescope Media Group and Carl and Angel Larsen v. Kevin Lindsey and Lori Swanson No. 16-cv-04094-JRT-LIB PDF 335.07kb 20 SEP 17
R3.6 StarTribune: Federal judge dismisses lawsuit by Minnesota wedding videographers who sued to refuse same-sex customers 20 SEP 17
C3.5 Case: Habberstad v. Country Bankers, Inc., et al.
R3.4 Culberth & Lienemanm (Press Release): Cuthbert & Lienemann secures $3.5M Victory
C3.3 Consent Decree: Equal Opportunity Commission and Britney Austin v. Deluxe Financial Services No. 0:15-cv-2626 (ADM/SER) PDF 137.20kb 20 JAN 16
R3.2 TheAdvocate: Transgender Woman Settles Discrimination Case for $115,000 21 JAN 16
R3.1 Associated Press: Church Music Director Not Protected Under Human Rights Act 13 APR 04
Estates, Inheritance, Property, Succession, Wills Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 01 August, the Hennepin County District Court referee George Borer ruled that Minnesota's Defense of Marriage Act does not deny the right of same-sex partners to inherit each other's assets. Hennepin County Probate Judge Jay Quam signed off on the referee’s order [C1.2], [R1.1].

C1.2 In re the Estate of Thomas Proehl, Deceased, Case No. 27-PA-PR-12-260, 01 AUG 12
R1.1 The Star Tribune: Hennepin County court rules same-sex partner can inherit assets 01 AUG 12
Gender Identity, Intersex,
Transgender, Transexual

[?]
Legislation/Cases/References
1.

State

In 1993, Minnesota state law prohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation (which includes persons having or being perceived as having a self-image or identity not traditionally associated with one's biological maleness or femaleness), in -

  • public and private employment [Subdivision 1]
  • real property transactions [Subdivision 2]
  • public accommodation [Subdivision 3]
  • public services [Subdivision 4]
  • education institutions [Subdivision 5]
  • commercial credit transactions [Subdivision 8] and
  • business [Subdivision 8A] or
  • aiding and abetting such discrimination [Subdivision 6] or
  • taking any reprisal action against a person alleging such discrimination [Subdivision 7] [L1.1].

"Sexual Orientation" means having or being perceived as having an emotional, physical, or sexual attachment to another person without regard to the sex of that person or having or being perceived as having an orientation for such attachment, or having or being perceived as having a self-image or identity not traditionally associated with one's biological maleness or femaleness. "Sexual orientation" does not include a physical or sexual attachment to children by an adult [363.01 Subdivision 41a].

2.

Courts & Tribunals

On 08 August, it was reported that David and Hannah Edwards had agreed a $120K out-of-court settlement of their St. Paul Department of Human Rights and Equal Economic Opportunity claim filed against Nova Classical Academy Charter School in St. Paul after the school failed to provide a curriculum of transgender-awareness or implement policies that would have protected their child against bullying [R2.7].

On 25 May 2017, US District Court Judge Paul A Magnuson dismissed the complaint of Anmarie Calgaro who sued her 17-year-old M2F transgender child, referred to only as E.J.K., to prevent her medical treatment for gender transition [C2.6], [R2.5].

On 05 December 2016, US District Judge Wilhelmina Wright granted a joint motion to suspend proceedings in the Privacy Matters et al. v. US Department of Education et al. case until the Supreme Court of the United States issues an opinion or otherwise resolves the case of Gloucester County v. G.G. No. 16-273 [C2.4].

On 14 November 2016, District Court Judge William H Leary III ruled that subdivision 3a of Statute §246B.0625 providing public-assistance medical benefits for indigent persons who require inpatient hospital service, stating that ''Sex reassignment surgery is not covered'', is in violation of the State consitution and is void and unenforceable [C2.3], [R2.2].

On 07 September 2016, Privacy Matters, a voluntary unincorporated association; and Parent A, president of Privacy Matters, filed a Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief against the Federal Rule and District Policy allowing M2F transgender students to use sex-specific private facilities [C2.1].

1. State
L1.1 Minnesota Statutes 1996, Chapter 363, sec. 10. M
2. Courts & Tribunals
R2.7 SFGN: School Settles for 120K with Transgender Child's Parents in Discrimination Case 08 AUG 17
C2.6 Memorandum and Order: Calgaro v. St. Louis County et al No. 16-cv-3919 (PAM/LIB) PDF 87.70kb 25 MAY 17
R2.5 GayStarNews: Mom who sued trans daughter for starting gender confirmation without her permission loses lawsuit 25 MAY 17
C2.4 Order Staying Proceedings Privacy Matters et al. v. US Department of Education et al. No. 0:16-cv-03015-WMW-LIB PDF 145.30kb 05 DEC 16
C2.3 Order: OutFront Minnesota, OutFront Minnesota Community Service, and Evan Tysilio Thomas v. Emily Johnson Piper No. 62-CV-15-7501 PDF 1.51MB 16 NOV 16
R2.2 ACLU of Minnesota: Minnesota Transgender Surgery Ban Found Unconstitutional 16 NOV 16
C2.1 Complaint: Privacy Matters et al. v. US Department of Education et al. No. 0:16-cv-03015-WMW-LIB 07 SEP 16

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Hate Crimes Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [VIOLENCE]
1.

State

In 1989, hate crimes based on sexual orientation became an aggravating circumstance [R1.1].

R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia PDF 382.87kb, 14 MAY 08
HIV / Aids Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 21 July 2013, the Minnesota Supreme Court ruled that it was not a crime for Daniel James Rick, an HIV-positive man, to have consensual sex with a partner “D.B.” to whom he had disclosed his status [C1.4], [R1.3].

On 24 September 2012, the Court of Appeals reversed the conviction of Daniel James Rick, an HIV positive man found guilty of attempted first-degree assault under a state law that makes it a crime to knowingly transfer a communicable disease through "sexual penetration with another person without having first informed the other person" of their medical status [C1.2], [R1.1].

C1.4 Opinion: State of Minnesota v. Daniel James Rick A12-0058 PDF 53.21kb, 21 AUG 13
R1.3 HIVplus: Court Finds Consensual Sex No Crime for HIV-Positive Man 21 AUG 13
C1.2 State of Minnesota v. Daniel James Rick, A12-0058 PDF 157.44kb, 24 SEP 12
R1.1 PinkNews: Minnesota Court acquits HIV man in transmission case 25 SEP 12
Homosexuality, Sodomy Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Courts & Tribunals

In May 2001, state district court Judge Delila Pierce ruled that Minnesota's law dating back to the 1800s that prohibits oral sex and other intimacy between consenting adults is unconstitutional because it violates the right to privacy guaranteed by the Minnesota Constitution [R1.1].

In June 2001, the Minnesota Civil Liberties Union sought that the ruling be certified as a class action to remove any uncertainty [R1.2].

In September 2001, the Minnesota attorney general's office did not appeal the district court judge's ruling that every adult in Minnesota is covered under her recent decision that the state's sodomy law is unconstitutional [R1.3].

2.

Churches

In April 2001, a lesbian in a committed relationship was ordained at an Evangelical Lutheran Church in St. Paul [R2.1].

R1.1 St Paul Pioneer Press: State Court Strikes Down Minnesota's Sodomy Law 21 May 2001
R1.2 Associated Press: Sodomy Law Returns to Courts for Review of Scope 06 JUN 01
R1.3 The Advocate: Minnesota Sodomy Law Repealed 06 SEP 2001
R2.1 The Advocate: Lesbian Ordained in St. Paul Despite Lutheran Policy 01 MAY 01
Marriage Legislation/Cases/References
1.

State

On 15 November 2013, the Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe became the 8th federally recognized Native American tribal grouping to allow same-sex couples to marry, wedding Arnold and Matthew Dahl-Wooley on their reservation [R1.17].

On 14 May 2013, Governor Mark Dayton signed the marriage equality bill [HF 1054] into law at 5 p.m., enabling same-sex marriages to commence on 01 August 2013 [R1.16], [L1.14].

Previously:

On 13 May 2013, the Senate voted 37-30 to allow same-sex marriage [R1.15].

On 09 May 2013, the House of Representatives approved bill HF 1054 legalizing marriage equality in a 75-59 vote. The bill will likely be heard by the full state Senate next week [L1.14], [R1.13].

On 12 March 2013, the Senate Judiciary Committee passed the marriage equality bill 5–3. The full Senate will now consider the Bill [R1.12].

On 28 February 2013, co-author Senator Scott Dibble introduced the "Marriage between two persons authorization" Bill SF925, that was read a first time and referred to the Judiciary Committee [R1.11].

On 06 November 2012, voters defeated the proposed anti-gay marriage constitutional amendment that would have permanently limited the freedom to marry in the state and making Minnesota the first state to ever defeat an anti-marriage amendment [R1.10].

Proposed Constitutional Amentment 1 Recognition of marriage solely between one man and one woman: Shall the Minnesota Constitution be amended to provide that only a union of one man and one woman shall be valid or recognized as a marriage in Minnesota? Of 2,904,942 actual votes cast, 1,506,172 (51.85%) voted no and 1,398,770 (48.15%) voted yes [R1.9].

On 25 May 2011, Governor Mark Dayton wrote to the President of the Senate, symbolically vetoeing act Chapter 88, Senate File 1308 proposing to amend the Constitution recognizing marriage as only a union between one man and one woman [R1.8].

On 22 May 2011, the House voted 70 to 62 to put a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage in the state to a voter referendum in 2012 [R1.7].

On 11 May 2011, the Senate voted 38 to 27 to put a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage in the state to a voter referendum in 2012. It next needs approval in the Republican majority state House [R1.6].

On 29 April 2011, the Senate Judiciary Committee approved a bill 8–4 that would seek voter approval in 2012 to amend the state constitution to ban same-sex marriage. Passage by the full Senate and the House appears likely [R1.5].

On 22 February 2010, a House committee was scheduled to discuss three measures: a bill to make marriage gender-neutral (the Marriage and Family Protection Act), a civil unions bill, and a bill for the recognition of same-sex marriages performed outside the state [R1.4].

In 2009, legislation introduced in Minnesota and currently passing through committees would permit gay marriage by making the marriage laws gender-neutral. The Minnesota Family Council has introduced an amendment to ban gay marriage [R1.3].


On 02 June 1997 the Governor approved an anti-gay marriage bill prohibiting same-sex couples from marrying and the recognition of lawful same-sex marriages from other states [R1.2].


In August 1971, Richard Baker and Michael McConnell reportedly submitted a marriage license application in Blue Earth County and successfully obtained one before county officials realized they were a same-sex couple. The license was apparently never cancelled by any legal authority and may be one of the first issued in US history [R1.1].

2.

Courts & Tribunals

On 17 April 2012, the state Supreme Court declined to review a case brought by three same-sex couples who claiming the Minnesota Defense of Marriage Act discriminates against them and against the son of one of the pairs. The matter may now proceed to trial in Hennepin County [R2.9]. See also R2.2-R2.5, C2.6.

On 02 April 2012, US Chief Judge Michael J. Davis in the Minnesota District Court ruled that a marriage between a man and a transgender woman was legal under Minnesota law and that a health insurance plan could not drop the woman from her husband's health benefits [C2.8], [R2.7].

Previously:

On 23 January 2012, Judge Renee Worke in the Appeals Court ruled that Hennepin County District Court Judge Mary Dufresne improperly relied on a 1971 Minnesota Supreme Court ruling (in Baker v. Nelson) in dismissing a case and that the couples should be granted an opportunity in district court to prove their rights were violated [C2.6], [R2.5].

On 07 March 2011, Judge Mary Dufresne rejected arguments that the state's 13-year-old Defense of Marriage Act violates same-sex couples' rights to due process, equal protection, religious freedom and freedom of association [R2.4].

On 10 December 2010, County District Court Judge Mary Steenson DuFresne heard arguments challenging state law requiring marriage to be between a man and a woman saying she would take the case under advisement but gave no indication when she would rule [R2.3].

In May 2010, three same-sex couples who tried to marry in Minnesota last March were reportedly suing the state over the constitutionality of its gay marriage ban, filing their lawsuit in the Hennepin County district court [R2.2].

On 15 October 1971, the State Supreme Court ruled a male couple wasn't deprived of equal protection or of liberty or property without due process [by not allowing same-sex unions], making Minnesota the first state in the country to make same-sex marriage unlawful [C2.1], [R2.1].

1. State
R1.17 GayStarNews: 8th US Native American tribe allows same-sex couples to wed 16 NOV 13
R1.16 The Advocate: Minnesota Gov. Signs Marriage Equality Into Law 14 MAY 13
R1.15 The New York Tmes: Minnesota Senate Clears Way for Same-Sex Marriage 13 MAY 13
L1.14 Minnesota Legislature: HF 1054 (Accessed 10 MAY 13)
R1.13 The Advocate: Minnesota House Approves Marriage Equality 75-59 09 MAY 13
R1.12 The Advocate: Minnesota: Committee Sends Marriage Bill to Senate Floor 12 MAR 13
R1.11 GayStarNews: Gay marriage bill unveiled in Minnesota 27 FEB 13
R1.10 PinkNews: US 2012: Washington state passes same-sex marriage 07 NOV 12
R1.9 Minnesota Secretary of State: Results for Constitutional Amendments (Accessed 09 NOV 12)
R1.8 MPRnews: Dayton symbolically vetoes same-sex marriage ballot question 25 MAY11
Governor M Dayton: Letter to President of the Senate 25 MAY 11
R1.7 MPRnews: House sends same-sex marriage ban to 2012 ballot 22 MAY 11
R1.6 Reuters: Minnesota Senate approves gay marriage ban referendum 11 MAY 11
R1.5 LBGTQ Nation: Minnesota advances bill to amend state constitution to ban gay marriage 29 APR 11
R1.4 The Advocate: Minnesota to Hold Gay Marriage Hearing 19 FEB 10
R1.3 PinkNews.co.uk: Minnesota gay marriage ban 'will prevent world from ending' 18 MAR 09
R1.2 Minnesota Statutes: 571.01 Marriage a Civil Contract (Accessed 15 DEC 10)
Minnesota Statutes: 517.03 Prohibited Marriages (Accessed 15 DEC 10)
R1.1 TheFreePress: Blue Earth County may have issued historic wedding license 06 SEP 14
2. Courts & Tribunals
R2.9 MinnPost: Same-sex marriage suit goes forward 19 APR 12
C2.8 US District Court: Christine Alisen Radke v. Miscellaneous Drivers and Helpers Union Local #638 Health, Welfare Eye & Dental Fund No 10-4175 (MJS/JJG) PDF 212.15kb, 02 April 12
R2.7 The American Independent: Court rules Minnesota DOMA doesn't apply to some transgender marriages 03 APR 12
C2.6 Minnesota Judicial Branch: Douglas Benson et at v. Jill Alverson A11-811 PDF 137.71kb, 23 JAN 12
R2.5 UPI.com: Court ruling a win for same-sex marriage 23 JAN 12
R2.4 365Gay.com: Judge keeps gay marriage ban in Minnesota 09 MAR 11
R2.3 Star Tribune: Judge hears state, county challenge to gay marriage ban 10 DEC 10
R2.2 The Advocate: Minnesota Couples Challenge Marriage Ban 11 MAY 10
C2.1 Lambda Law: Baker v. Nelson 291 Minn. 310; 191 N.W.2d 185, 15 OCT 71
R2.1 Star Tribune: Judge hears state, county challenge to gay marriage ban 10 DEC 10
Parenting, Adoption, Fostering Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 14 December 2010, the Court of Appeals acknowledged that Minnesota adoption law permits "any person" who has resided in Minnesota for at least one year to petition to adopt a child provided that the child's legal parents consent to the adoption, while at the same time casting doubt on whether second-parent adoptions by a same-sex partner are lawful in Minnesota [C1.1], [R1.1].

C1.1 Adoption of T.A.M. and E.J.M. v. L.A.M., 2010 WL 5071361 (Minn.App.)
R1.1 Lesbian/Gay Legal News: Court of Appeals of Minnesota Casts Doubt on Second-Parent Adoptions PDF 133.56kb, JAN 11
Violence: Bullying, Domestic Violence, Harassment, Vilification Legislation/Cases/References
See also: [HATE CRIMES]
1.

State

On 09 April 2014, Governor Mark Dayton signed HF No. 826, the Safe and Supportive Minnesota Schools Act (passed 69-63 by the House 08 April) into law, specifically including LGBT students and requiring school districts to train staff on how to recognize and prevent bullying [R1.2].

On 19 May 2013, the Senate failed to take up the comprehensive Safe and Supportive Minnesota Schools Act [HF 826] that advocates say would have protected students from harassment and bullying. The Bill was passed by the House 72-57 on 06 May 2013 [R1.1].

2.

Courts & Tribunals

On 08 August, it was reported that David and Hannah Edwards had agreed a $120K out-of-court settlement of their St. Paul Department of Human Rights and Equal Economic Opportunity claim filed against Nova Classical Academy Charter School in St. Paul after the school failed to provide a curriculum of transgender-awareness or implement policies that would have protected their child against bullying [R2.2].

In August 2009, a Minneapolis school board awarded a student $25,000 after an onslaught of homophobic slurs and verbal harassment by two teachers [R2.1].

R1.2 GayStarNews: Minnesota governor signs anti-bullying bill that covers LGBT students 10 APR 14
R1.1 The Advocate: Minnesota Antibullying Bill Dies in Senate 20 MAY 13
R2.2 SFGN: School Settles for 120K with Transgender Child’s Parents in Discrimination Case 08 AUG 17
R2.1 The Advocate: $25K Awarded to Harassed Student 13 AUG 09
Wrongful Death Legislation/Cases/References
1.

State

In May 2010, a bill that would give same-sex couples the right to make end-of-life decisions for each other and file wrongful death suits appeared headed for the desk of Minnesota governor Tim Pawlenty after passing the state senate and house [R1.1].

R1.1 The Advocate: End-of-Life Bill Headed to Minnesota Governor 12 MAY 10

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