November 2015

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30 November 2015

Judge: Fired Trans Woman Doesn't Have to Reveal What's Between Her Legs

UNITED STATES, Michigan: On 25 November 2015, US Magistrate Judge David R Grand in the Eastern District of Michigan rejected a second attempt by R.G. & G.R. Harris Funeral Homes seeking 'intimate and private' information of former funeral director Aimee Stephens in the dispute over her employment termination.

27 November 2015

Groundbreaking same-sex ruling

BERMUDA: On 27 November 2015, Chief Justice Ian R C Kawaley in the Supreme Court ruled that the applicant Bermuda Bred Company was entitled to a declaration that 'Sections 25 [27, 27A] and 60 of the Bermuda Immigration and Protection Act 1956 shall be inoperative to the extent that they authorise the Minister to deny the same-sex partners of persons who possess and enjoy Bermuda status, and who have formed stable relationships with such Bermudians, residential and employment rights comparable to those conferred on spouses by the said sections 25 and 60 respectively'.
• Judgment: Bermuda Bred Company v. The Minister for Home Affairs and The Attorney General 2015 No. 40 pdf 489.08kb 27 NOV 15

26 November 2015

UK Government give advice on tackling trans discrimination in the workplace

UNITED KINGDOM: On 26 November 2015, the Government Equalities Office and Department for Education published two guides to combat the 'discrimination and prejudice' and aimed at supporting trans people in day-to-day life and providing practical advice to employers and service providers.
• Government Equalities Office: Providing services for transgender customers: a guide PDF 680.34kb 26 NOV 15
• Government Equalities Office: Recruiting and retaining transgender staff: a guide for employers PDF 718.75kb 26 NOV 15

Bolivia proposes law allowing transgender people to officially change names, genders

BOLIVIA: On 25 November 2015, Justice Minister Virginia Velasco reportedly announced that the government would introduce a Gender Identity Law, allowing transsexual and transgendered individuals to change their names and genders on their ID and birth certificates.

Israeli Court Recognizes Interfaith Lesbian Couple as Mothers of Each Other's Children

ISRAEL: On 25 November 2015, Tel Aviv Family Court Judge Yehoram Shaked issued a ruling recognizing an interfaith lesbian couple as the mothers of each other's children, overturning the law that requires the adoptive parent and the child be of the same religion.

Civil unions become law

CYPRUS: On 26 November 2015, the House passed the Civil Unions Bill (39 votes in favour, 12 against, and 3 abstentions), extending all the rights of marriage to same-sex couples apart from the right to adopt.

Uganda passes new anti-gay law

UGANDA: On 26 November 2015, the parliament passed the Non-Governmental Organizations Act providing that NGOs must 'not engage in any activity which is 'contrary to the dignity of the people of Uganda' and barring Foreign NGOs from commenting on or being involved in Ugandan politics. The law allows powers to supervise, approve, inspect, and dissolve any NGOs and will impose severe criminal penalties for violations.

Mexican Top Court Rules in Favor of Gay Marriage

MEXICO, Jalisco: On 25 November 2015, the First Chamber of the Mexican Supreme Court of Justice ruled in favor of two gay couples, declaring Article 258 of Jalisco Civil Code to be discriminatory and unconstitutional, as it restricted matrimony to a union between a man and a woman, and ruling that Jalisco state authorities could not deny conjugal rights and benefits to gay couples seeking to marry.

25 November 2015

Vietnam passes landmark law recognizing transgender people

VIETNAM: On 24 November 2015, it was reported that more than 80% of the National Assembly voted in favour of legislation recognizing transgender people and lifting a ban on gender reassignment surgery, allowing those who have undergone gender reassignment surgery to change their gender marker and be accorded the 'personal rights in accordance with their new sex'.

24 November 2015

Supreme Court Rejects Family's Appeal Against Transgender Woman's Cremation

ISRAEL: On 24 November 2015, the Supreme Court rejected an appeal filed by the mother of m2f transgender May Peleg and reaffirmed a district court decision ordering that a request in May Peleg's Will asking to be cremated should be honored despite the wishes of her ultra-Orthodox family.

Constitutional Court dismisses appeal by gay ex-pastor

SOUTH AFRICA: On 24 November 2015, in dismissing the appeal of former church minister Ecclesia de Lange seeking to set aside an arbitration agreement with the Methodist Church of Southern Africa that followed her suspension and and discontinuance as an active minister in 2010, for breaching church policy, after announcing her intended marriage to her then same-sex partner, the Constitutional Court ruled she had not shown good cause to set the arbitration agreement aside. It also ruled that she was not free to raise the claim of unfair discrimination for the first time on appeal.
Judgment: Ecclesia de Lange v. Presiding Bishop of the Methodist Church No. [2015] ZACC 24 PDF 305.53kb, 24 NOV 15

More than five years after firefighter's death, transgender widow to get his death benefits

UNITED STATES, Texas: On 20 November 2015, following the remand of the case from the Thirteenth Court of Appeals, Judge Randy Clapp in the District Court of Wharton County vacated the Court's 26 May 2011 judgment and concluded that the motion for summary judgment be granted, finding that Thomas Trevino Araguz III was legally married to transgender widow Nikki Purdue Araguz and the legal spouse of the deceased at the date of his death, so ensuring her entitlement to death benefits.
• Final Summary Judgment: In the Estate of Thomas Trevino Araguz III No. 44575 JPEG 20 NOV 15

British Columbia prisons implement reforms for transgender prisoners

CANADA, British Columbia: On 24 November 2015, it was reported that the new regulation, Section 9.17 of the British Columbia Adult Custody Policy now reads 'Transgender inmates are placed in a correctional center according to their self-identified gender or housing preference, unless there are overriding health and/or safety concerns which cannot be resolved' whilst recognising 'that not all transgender inmates want to be housed according to their self-identified gender'.

23 November 2015

Local same-sex couple blocked from renewing vows on Cook Islands beach

COOK ISLANDS: On 23 November 2015, the Aronga Mana traditional leaders were reported to have unanimously forbidden a local same-sex couple from renewing their vows on a Rarotonga beach.

Premier: Immigration rules could allow same-sex couples to co-habit legally

CAYMAN ISLANDS: On 23 November 2015, Premier Alden McLaughlin reportedly wrote in a 21 October letter to James Austin-Smith of the Human Rights Commission, indicating the government is amenable to a slight shift in how the Cayman Islands is willing to recognise same-sex couples from overseas who live together here, but would not make any public pronouncements on the issue.
• Office of the Premier: Re: Recognition of same-sex unions PDF 68.36kb, 21 OCT 15

Arkansas Judge: 3 Gay Couples can Amend Kids' Birth Certificates

UNITED STATES, Arkansas: On 23 November 2015, Pulaski County Judge Tim Fox ruled that three same-sex couples who sued the state for refusing to name both spouses on their children's birth certificates can go to the Arkansas Department of Health to change the documents immediately. Fox said he will issue a written ruling soon.

22 November 2015

It's official: 'Homophobia' now a mental disorder!

ITALY, UNITED STATES: On 22 November 2015, writer Paul Bemmer reported on new Italian research led by Emmanuele A. Jannini, M.D. and published in The Journal of Sexual Medicine, that specifically found that 'psychoticism', 'immature defense mechanisms' and a 'fearful attachment style' were associated with a greater 'homophobic' attitude in individuals.

'Domestic Partner' Not 'Spouse' Under Bankruptcy Code

UNITED STATES, California: On 16 November 2015, the US Bankruptcy Court, Central District of California held “that domestic partners cannot be considered “spouses” for bankruptcy purposes following the recent legalization of same-sex marriage in California and throughout the country”.
• Memorandum Decision: In re Elaine Anne Villaverde and Karen Susan Hight No. 6:15-bk-16988-SY PDF 261.16kb, 21 OCT 15

20 November 2015

Ninth Circuit Upholds Gay Man's Deportation to Mexico

UNITED STATES, Federal: On 19 November 2015, the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit denied 2-1 a petition for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' denial of asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture filed by Mexican citizen Carlos Bringas-Rodriguez, who sought relief based on his sexual orientation and HIV-positive status, ruling he was not entitled to a presumption that he would be persecuted in the future, because he failed to demonstrate that he was physically abused as a child because he was gay, or that the Mexican government was unable or unwilling to stop the abuse.
• Opinion: Carlos Alberto Bringas-Rodriguez v. Loretta E Lynch No. 13-72682 PDF 139.89kb 19 NOV 15

New law requires some Philadelphia businesses to turn restrooms gender-neutral

UNITED STATES, Pennsylvania: On 19 November 2015, Mayor Michael Nutter signed a new law requiring restaurants and bars with single occupancy restrooms to make those restrooms gender-neutral. The law will take effect from 16 January 2016.

Portugal allows same-sex adoption, lesbian artificial insemination in push for gay rights

PORTUGAL: On 20 November 2015, the Parliament approved laws allowing same-sex couples to legally adopt children and permitting lesbians to obtain medically assisted fertilization.

18 November 2015

Body of Israeli transgender woman to be cremated, court orders

ISRAEL: On 18 November 2015, Judge Arnon Darel in the Jerusalem District Court ruled that the body of Israeli transgender activist May Peleg be cremated as she requested in her Will, despite objections by her ultra-Orthodox family who had requested an injunction to stop the cremation and that they 'be given the body for burial according to Jewish law'.

UK Court Rules Immigrant Spouses Must Speak English

UNITED KINGDOM: On 18 November 2015, the Supreme Court ruled the UK's spouse visa rules for nationals outside the European Union requiring visa applicants to learn a basic level of English and pass a test at an approved centre before being allowed to enter the country, was not 'unreasonable, disproportionate and discriminatory'. The Court indicated that the way the scheme operated might be unlawful and asked lawyers to present further arguments, also suggesting that exemptions may be made in cases where it was impractical to apply the rule.
• Judgment: R (on the application of Ali) (Appellant) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent), R (on the application of Bibi) (Appellant) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent) 2015] UKSC 68 PDF 311.29kb 18 NOV 15

17 November 2015

Gays seeking military exemption in Turkey no longer need to provide visual proof of their homosexuality

TURKEY: On 17 November 2015, it was reported that under amended pre-draft military regulations a homosexual can choose to disclose or not to disclose his identity. If he does, this declaration will constitute the sole basis for the doctor's decision on the potential conscriptee's draft exemption. Previously they had to prove their homosexuality by undergoing nude examinations and submitting photos of themselves engaged in homosexual intercourse. The 'Physical Capabilities Regulation' defines homosexuality as 'a psychosexual disorder'.

Home Office denies asylum to gay man that 'failed to prove' sexuality

UNITED KINGDOM: On 17 November 2015, it was reported that the Home Office notified 35-year-old Ugandan-born Robert Kityo his asylum application was denied: 'It is not accepted that you are a homosexual and an openly gay man'. Kityo said a warrant had been issued for his arrest if he returned to Uganda. The Home Office is believed to be taking a further look at his case.

Oklahoma Supreme Court hands down landmark ruling on same-sex parenting

UNITED STATES, Oklahoma: On 17 November 2015, the Oklahoma Supreme Court reversed the District Court's dismissal of the petition of Charlene Ramey as the non-biological parent after almost 10 years co-parenting, finding she lacked standing because the same sex couple had not married and had no written parenting agreement and no parental rights and custody of the child. The Court remanded the case for further proceedings on the question of custody and visitation saying, 'This couple and more importantly, their child, is entitled to the love, protection and support from the only parents the child has known'.
• Opinion: Charlene Ramey v. Kinberley Sutton No. 2015 OK 29 PDF kb 17 NOV 15

Biological father 'cannot visit child'

UNITED KINGDOM, England & Wales: On 13 November 2015, Mrs Justice Theis in the Family Court ruled that biological father JK of a toddler X should not be able to visit her, with indirect contact once a year meeting X's current welfare needs to have information about her biological father. HS and KS are civil partners and X's legal parents. By agreement the terms of which were disputed, HS gave birth to X following artificial insemination using JK's sperm donation.
• Judgment: JK -and- HS and KS -and- X By Her Children's Guardian [2015] EWFC 84 13NOV 15

16 November 2015

Over 600 wait to wed as gay marriages 'go live' today

REPUBLIC OF IRELAND: On 16 November 2015, the Marriage Equality Act came into force when Justice Minister Frances Fitzgerald signed the commencement order and there will be no more civil partnerships in Ireland. All those who secured civil partnerships in Ireland will have that status recognised, unless they opt to transfer the arrangement into a new same-sex marriage. If they do so, their old civil partnership arrangement will be dissolved as part of the process.

15 November 2015

IVF: Know your rights and risks

AUSTRALIA, INTERNATIONAL: On 15 November 2015, lawyer Kathryn Booth wrote of rights and stresses in accessing ART, some of the risks, and medical negligence and wrongful birth claims where things go wrong.

14 November 2015

Utah judge reverses his ruling on lesbian parents

UNITED STATES, Utah: On 13 October 2015, 7th District Court Juvenile Court Judge Scott Johansen reportedly rescinded his 10 November order requiring married lesbian couple April Hoagland and Beckie Peirce to give up a child they have cared for as foster parents, allowing the nine-month-old baby to stay with them.

12 November 2015

US Judge Embraces EEOC Equating of Sexual Orientation, Sex Discrimination

UNITED STATES, Alabama: On 29 October 2015, whilst US District Judge Myron H. Thompson of the Middle District of Alabama rejected the employment discrimination claim of Roger Isaacs, he agreed with the 16 July 2015 Equal Employment Opportunity Commission view that claims of sexual orientation-based discrimination are cognizable under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and that gender non-conformity would also support a claim of sex discrimination under Title VII.
Opinion: Roger Isaacs v. Felder Services No. 2:13cv693-MHT PDF 327.36kb, 29 OCT 15

Kerala becomes first state to unveil transgender policy

INDIA, Karala: On 12 November 2015, the State of Karala became the first Indian state to unveil a draft 'State Policy for Transgenders in Kerala 2015', envisaging an end to the societal stigma towards the sexual minority group and to ensure them non-discriminatory treatment.
Department of Social Justice: State Policy for Transgenders in Kerala 2015 (DRAFT) PDF 885.15kb 09 SEP 15

Changes to Dallas law provides more protections for LGBTQ

UNITED STATES, Texas: On 12 November 2015, reported that Dallas city leaders voted to change the language in its laws that protects the rights of gay and transgender people, clarifying that gender identity, or whether you identify as a man or a woman, is separate from sexual orientation.

Ukraine passes anti-discrimination law

UKRAINE: On 12 November 2015, it was reported that Ukraine's parliament had eventually passed (234 MPs in favour out of the 450-seat parliament) a law banning discrimination in the workplace, including that based on sexual orientation.

11 November 2015

Ukraine dismisses anti-gay discrimination bill but passes visa-free travel

UKRAINE: On 10 November 2015, it was reported that in a 207 vote out of the 450-seat parliament, the parliament failed to pass a law banning discrimination in the workplace, including that based on sexual orientation.

Fiji High Court rejects transgender woman's bid to have birth certificate corrected

FIJI: On 11 November 2015, it was reported that the Suva High Court dismissed the application of an unnamed 42-year-old transgender woman seeking an order that her Fijian birth certificate be corrected to state that she is now female after transitioning surgically and to have her gender as a woman legally recognized in Fiji.

Utah judge orders same-sex couple to give up foster child, says baby would be better off with heterosexual parents

UNITED STATES, Utah: On 10 October 2015, 7th District Court Juvenile Court Judge Scott Johansen reportedly ordered married lesbian couple April Hoagland and Beckie Peirce to give up a child they have cared for as foster parents, controversially declaring the infant would be better off with heterosexual parents.

09 November 2015

Criminal communications between spouses no longer protected under new law

UNITED STATES, New Jersey: On 09 November 2015, Governor Chris Christie signed Assembly Bill 3636 into law, amending section 22 of 'The Evidence Act, 1960' and removing the legal protection previously given to communications between partners and spouses when those conversations involve planning a crime.
• Assembly Judicial Committee Statement: Assembly No. 3636 PDF 8.28kb, 22 SEP 14

Costa Rica files criminal complaint against same-sex couple who married due to clerical error

COSTA RICA: On 09 November 2015, Civil Registry director Luis Bolaños announced that a criminal complaint alleging unlawful marriage against Jazmín Elizondo (24) and Laura Florez-Estrada (25), who were wed here in July by notary Marco Castillo, because the registry mistakenly had listed one of them as a man. A complaint was also filed against the couple's public notary.

07 November 2015

Tamil Nadu to appoint India's first transgender police officer

INDIA, Tamil Nadu: On 07 November 2015, it was reported that in the wake of a court in Chennai (Madras) ruling in favour of m2f transgender K Prithika Yashini, she will become a police sub-inspector in the southern state. The court also ruled that the result of a police physical test, which Prithika failed after being a second too slow in a 100-metre dash, was not valid.

Judge rejects block on anti-bias law

UNITED STATES, Arkansas: On 06 November 2015, Circuit Judge Doug Martin in the Washington County 4th Judicial Circuit Court denied Protect Fayetteville's opponents' request to stay implementation of Fayetteville Ordinance 5781 - protecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender citizens and visitors against discrimination in employment. housing accommodation, places of public resort and real estate within the City of Fayetteville city limits - and prevent its enforcement while their lawsuit continues. A motion to dismiss is scheduled for 01 December.

06 November 2015

Mormon church will no longer baptize children of gay parents

INTERNATIONAL: On 05 November 2015, Church spokesperson Eric Hawkins reportedly confirmed that the Church of Latter Day Saints updated handbook states 'A natural or adopted child of a parent living in a same-gender relationship, whether the couple is married or cohabiting, may not receive a name and a blessing' and can only be baptised at 18 years of age upon disavowing gay marriage, ceasing living with their parents and subject to First Presidency approval.

Tunisia student jailed for gay sex released after international outcry

TUNISIA: On 5 November 2015, 22-year old student Marwan was released on appeal on bail of 500 dinars (230 euros). His phone number was found on the body of a murder victim he confessed to having had sex with. Cleared of suspicion of murder, he was sentenced to a year in jail for gay sex.

Nebraska Agrees to Change Birth Certificates to Include Same-Sex Parents

UNITED STATES, Nebraska: On 06 October 2015, it was reported that Department of Health and Human Services spokeswoman Leah Bucco-White told the AP the state agency had begun the process to list both a child's biological parent and the parent's same-sex spouse on the child's birth certificate at an unspecified future date.

05 November 2015

Athens-Clarke commissioners leave county's domestic partner benefits in place

UNITED STATES, Georgia: On 03 November 2015, Athens-Clarke County commissioners voted unanimously to keep the county's eight-year-old policy of providing health insurance benefits to the domestic partners of county employees. County management recommended that the recent U.S. Supreme Court ruling legalizing gay marriage, and the wider availability of health insurance under the Affordable Care Act, made the domestic partner benefits unnecessary.

Costa Rica First Same-Sex Marriage Due To Error

COSTA RICA: On 25 July 2015, lawyer Marco Castillon, president of the Diversity Movement, civilly married Jazmín Elizondo (24) and Laura Florez-Estrada (25). The marriage appeared in the Registry records on 27 October however, in 2003, the Civil Registry made an error recording Jazmín Elizondo as a man in the system, though she is biologically a woman. The Registry is applying to annul the marriage and may institute proceedings against Castillon.

Mississippi Supreme Court narrowly grants same-sex divorce

UNITED STATES, Mississippi: On 05 November 2015, in the wake of the Oberfell v. Hodges case, the Supreme Court of Mississippi granted 5-4 the motion for an entry of judgment in the matter of the divorce of Lauren Beth Czekala-Chatham and Dana Ann Melanco, reversed judgment of the Chancery Court of Desoto County and remanded the matter for further proceedings.
Order: Lauren Beth Czekala-Chatham v. The State of Mississippi, ex rel. Jim Hood Attorney General of the State of Mississippi 2014-CA-00008-SCT PDF 194.78lb 05 NOV 15

Widower Of Vietnam Era Army Vet Awarded Spousal Survivor Benefits

UNITED STATES, Federal: On 05 November 2015, it was reported that the US Veterans Benefits Administration awarded Joe Krumbach, husband of deceased Army vet Jerry Hatcher retroactive survivor benefits. The couple met in 1989 in Seattle and registered as domestic partners in 2003. In 2008 Jerry died of cancer. In 2013 the VA rejected Joe Krumbah's claim for 'Dependency and Indemnity Compensation' as Jerry had died four years before marriages by same-sex couples were legal. The Obergefell decision allowed Joe to retroactively amend Jerry's death certificate to show they were married, making him eligible for the benefits, which total about $80,000.

Colombian court approves adoption by homosexual couples

COLOMBIA: On 04 October 2015, the the Plenary chamber of the Constitutional Court ruled 6-2 that there is no impediment to impede same-sex couples from embarking on the same adoption process as heterosexual couples.
• Comunicado No. 50 (in Spanish): La Corte Constitucional determinó que las parejas del mismo sexo estn habilitadas ara adoptar conjuntamente Expediente D-10372 Sentencia C-683/15 PDF 527.86kb 04 NOV 15

04 November 2015

Employment tribunal says gay chaplain wasn’t discriminated against

UNITED KINGDOM, England & Wales: On 26 October 2015, the Employment Tribunal ruled that The Right Reverend Richard Inwood, the Acting Bishop of Southwell and Nottingham did not discriminate against The Reverend Canon Jeremy C Pemberton when refusing him a licence and authorisation required to take up a position at the Sherwood Forest Hospitals NHS Trust as a consequence of his having married his partner Laurence Cunnington in 2014, contrary to the doctrine of the church. Nor did the Bishop Inwood commit an act of harassment.
Reserved Judgment: The Reverend Canon J C Pemberton v. The Right Reverend Richard Inwood, (Acting) Bishop of Southwell and Nottingham No. 2600962/2014 PDF 2.65MB 28 OCT 15

France ends law banning blood donation from gay men

FRANCE: On 04 November 2015, Health Minister Marisol Touraine said discrimination against potential blood donors on the basis of sexual orientation was unacceptable because it presumed that gay men all had HIV. Blood donations from gay men who have not had any sexual relations or who had some but with only one man in the past four months, will be allowed to donate their blood from next spring.

Court: Judge properly tossed gay couple's parental request

UNITED STATES, Wisconsin: On 04 October 2015, the 2nd District Court of Appeals affirmed the lower court's dismissal on procedural grounds of the petition of S.R. and C.L. seeking a declaration that following legalization of same-sex marriage, the paternity statutes using gender-specific terms are unconstitutional and that the non-biological partner Christie L is the child's second parent. The Court found that the petition was filed as an adoption action though what they really sought which was a declaratory judgment or paternity action, which requires payment of a fee and service of the petition on the Attorney General.
• Decision: S.R. and C.L. v. Circuit Court for Winnebago County 2015AP000219-AC PDF 272.28kb 04 NOV 15

03 November 2015

Supreme Court Rejects Appeal of Antigay Harassing State Attorney

UNITED STATES, Michigan: On 02 November 2015, the US Supreme Court rejected former Michigan Assistant Attorney General Andrew Shirvell's attempt to appeal a defamation ruling against him for targeting a gay student body president Chris Armstrong at the University of Michigan, the former assistant attorney general's alma mater.
• Order List: 577 U.S.: Certiorari Denied: Shirvell, Andrew L v. Armstrong, Christopher No. 15-226 PDF 104.40kb 02 NOV 15

Northern Ireland assembly votes to legalise same-sex marriage

UNITED KINGDOM, Northern Ireland: On 02 November 2015, the Assembly voted 53-52 in favor of marriage equality however, the motion failed after the DUP used a 'petition of concern' to argue that the law change that would allow same-sex couples to marry in Northern Ireland did not command sufficient cross-community support.

02 November 2015

Illinois District Violated Transgender Student's Rights, US Says

UNITED STATES, Illinois: On 02 November 2015, the US Department of Education concluded that Township High School District 211, on the basis of sex, violated Title IX of the Education Amendments 1972 in denying m2f transitioned Student A access to the girls' locker rooms at the School and offered only separate facilites to change clothes for her PE classes and athletics activities, giving the District 30 days to negotiate and reach and agreement to resolve the complaint or face enforcement action. The proceeding may have wide-ranging effects nationally.
US Department of Education letter: OCR Case No. 05-14-1055 PDF 398.44kb 02 NOV 15

Congratulations! Scotland allows conversion of overseas same-sex civil partnerships into marriages

UNITED KINGDOM, Scotland: On 02 November 2015,extended Scottish legislation came into effect permitting couples who have a civil partnership registered abroad or elsewhere in the UK to change their relationship to a marriage by having a ceremony in the country. The Government has provided guidance for doing so.
Scottish Government guidance: Changing Civil Partnerships Registered Outside Scotland into Marriage PDF 30.54kb OCT 15

01 November 2015

China Makes Male Rape a Crime Amid Increasing Sexual Assaults

CHINA: On 01 November 2015, OutlookIndia reported that an August amendment to the criminal law came into effect, treating sexual assaults on men as a crime punishable with a minimum five year jail term. The law stipulates that indecent assault on others, men or women, now carries a minimum sentence of five years in prison.

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